Cucumber vs MSTest comparison of testing frameworks
What are the differences between Cucumber and MSTest?

Cucumber

https://github.com/cucumber/cucumber-ruby

MSTest

https://github.com/microsoft/testfx-docs
Programming language

Ruby

.NET

Category

Acceptance Testing

Unit Testing

General info

An automation tool for Behavior-Driven Development

The specifications are written in plain texts, which allows them to be easily understandable for all stakeholders. Cucumber Framework also supports languages beyond Ruby e.g. Java, JavaScript and Scala.

MSTest is a Unit testing framework for the .net framework

MSTest is fully integrated with Visual Studios and works natively without the need for any plugins. MSTest is better suited for only using Microsoft technologies rather than mixed technology environments.
xUnit
Set of frameworks originating from SUnit (Smalltalk's testing framework). They share similar structure and functionality.

No

Yes

MsTest is an xUnit type framework
Client-side
Allows testing code execution on the client, such as a web browser

Yes

You can test the front-end part like the GUI using cucumber and selenium, they integrate well to test your front-end.

Yes

MsTest can test various front-end components
Server-side
Allows testing the bahovior of a server-side code

Yes

You can test back-end components such as APIs using rest & soap clients, and databases using whatever client libraries were provided by the libraries that existed in those stacks

Yes

With MSTest you can test various back-end components individually
Fixtures
Allows defining a fixed, specific states of data (fixtures) that are test-local. This ensures specific environment for a single test

Yes

MSTest contains fixture methods TestInitialize to setup your environment and TestCleanup to destroy the test environment
Group fixtures
Allows defining a fixed, specific states of data for a group of tests (group-fixtures). This ensures specific environment for a given group of tests.

Yes

Using the cucumber extension aruba you can create fixures in two steps: 1.Create a fixtures-directory; 2.Create fixture files in this directory

Yes

Group fixtures are available
Generators
Supports data generators for tests. Data generators generate input data for test. The test is then run for each input data produced in this way.

Yes

You can group your fixtures inside your fixtures directories

N/A

Licence
Licence type governing the use and redistribution of the software

MIT License

Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 International Public License

Mocks
Mocks are objects that simulate the behavior of real objects. Using mocks allows testing some part of the code in isolation (with other parts mocked when needed)

Yes

By using all of RSpec’s supported mocking frameworks (RSpec, Mocha, RR, Flexmock)

Yes

You can create mock objects using the third party library moq
Grouping
Allows organizing tests in groups

No

Yes

Grouping of tests into suites is possible with MSTest
Other
Other useful information about the testing framework