Doctest vs Lettuce comparison of testing frameworks
What are the differences between Doctest and Lettuce?

Doctest

https://docs.Python.org/2/library/doctest.html

Lettuce

https://pypi.org/project/lettuce/
Programming language

Python

Python

Category

Unit Testing

Unit Testing, Acceptance Testing

General info

Doctest is an inbuilt test framework for Python

Doctest is a test framework that comes prepackaged with Python. It is a simple library with a functionality that makes it possible to search for pieces of text that look like interactive Python sessions and executes these sessions to see if they work exactly as shown.

Lettuce is a BDD testing tool for Python

Lettuce is a testing tool for Python which is inspired by Ruby's Cucumber that supports Gherkin. It can execute plain-text functional descriptions as automated tests for Python projects just like Cucumber does for Ruby
xUnit
Set of frameworks originating from SUnit (Smalltalk's testing framework). They share similar structure and functionality.

No

No

However It can generate xml results for behaviour tests xUnit style
Client-side
Allows testing code execution on the client, such as a web browser

Yes

By integrating Lettuce with Selenium’s Python bindings, you have a robust framework for testing Django applications. It can test front-end behaviour
Server-side
Allows testing the bahovior of a server-side code

Yes

Lettuce can test various server and database behaviours and interactions
Fixtures
Allows defining a fixed, specific states of data (fixtures) that are test-local. This ensures specific environment for a single test

No

Lacks fixture management which can make writing tests harder

N/A

Group fixtures
Allows defining a fixed, specific states of data for a group of tests (group-fixtures). This ensures specific environment for a given group of tests.

No

Lacks fixture management

N/A

Generators
Supports data generators for tests. Data generators generate input data for test. The test is then run for each input data produced in this way.

N/A

Yes

By using a third party library
Licence
Licence type governing the use and redistribution of the software

MIT License

Unknown

Mocks
Mocks are objects that simulate the behavior of real objects. Using mocks allows testing some part of the code in isolation (with other parts mocked when needed)

A good external library for using Mocks with Doctest is minimocks

By adding the lettuce-tools library one has access to the Mock module to implement a configurable http REST mock.
Grouping
Allows organizing tests in groups

Yes

One can group tests

Yes

It allows grouping of tests
Other
Other useful information about the testing framework