Jest vs MSTest comparison of testing frameworks
What are the differences between Jest and MSTest?

Jest

https://jestjs.io

MSTest

https://github.com/microsoft/testfx-docs
Programming language

JavaScript

.NET

Category

Unit Testing

Unit Testing

General info

A Unit Testing framework focused on simplicity

This is a Unit test framwork especially designed for the React.JS, Babel, TypeScript, Node, React, Angular and Vue projects. It usually worked with Enzyme(Integration testing)

MSTest is a Unit testing framework for the .net framework

MSTest is fully integrated with Visual Studios and works natively without the need for any plugins. MSTest is better suited for only using Microsoft technologies rather than mixed technology environments.
xUnit
Set of frameworks originating from SUnit (Smalltalk's testing framework). They share similar structure and functionality.

No

Yes

MsTest is an xUnit type framework
Client-side
Allows testing code execution on the client, such as a web browser

Yes

You can easily test methods, properties, UI element actions and other front-end functionalities

Yes

MsTest can test various front-end components
Server-side
Allows testing the bahovior of a server-side code

Yes

Back-end server behaviour also can be tested with Jest much in the same way as the front-end tests.

Yes

With MSTest you can test various back-end components individually
Fixtures
Allows defining a fixed, specific states of data (fixtures) that are test-local. This ensures specific environment for a single test

Yes

Fixtures are supported, Jest has many helper functions such as: BeforeEach and afterEach If you have some work you need to do repeatedly for many tests, beforeAll and afterAll if you only need to do setup once, at the beginning of a file.

Yes

MSTest contains fixture methods TestInitialize to setup your environment and TestCleanup to destroy the test environment
Group fixtures
Allows defining a fixed, specific states of data for a group of tests (group-fixtures). This ensures specific environment for a given group of tests.

Yes

Jest supports group fixtures

Yes

Group fixtures are available
Generators
Supports data generators for tests. Data generators generate input data for test. The test is then run for each input data produced in this way.

N/A

N/A

Licence
Licence type governing the use and redistribution of the software

MIT License

Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 International Public License

Mocks
Mocks are objects that simulate the behavior of real objects. Using mocks allows testing some part of the code in isolation (with other parts mocked when needed)

Jest uses a custom resolver for imports in your tests making it simple to mock any object outside of your test’s scope. You can use mocked imports with the rich Mock Functions API to spy on function calls with readable test syntax.

Yes

You can create mock objects using the third party library moq
Grouping
Allows organizing tests in groups

Yes

You can declare as many test suites as you want. Grouping of tests together is done using a describe block

Yes

Grouping of tests into suites is possible with MSTest
Other
Other useful information about the testing framework