Shoulda vs Test::Unit comparison of testing frameworks
What are the differences between Shoulda and Test::Unit?

Shoulda

https://github.com/thoughtbot/shoulda

Test::Unit

https://test-unit.github.io/
Programming language

Ruby

Ruby

Category

Unit Testing, Intergration Testing

General info

Meta gem containing Shoulda Context and Shoulda Matchers

Shoulda contains two other gems: Should Context and Shoulda Matchers. Should Context allows better naming and grouping of your tests. Shoulda Matchers provides a set of "matchers", i.e. methods that allow you to write much more concise assertions.

Test::Unit is a unit testing framework for Ruby

Test::Unit is an implementation of the xUnit testing framework for ruby which is used for Unit Testing. However Test::Unit has been left in the standard library to support legacy test suites therefore if you are writing new test code use Minitest instead of Test::Unit
xUnit
Set of frameworks originating from SUnit (Smalltalk's testing framework). They share similar structure and functionality.

No

Yes

test-unit is a xUnit family unit testing framework for Ruby
Client-side
Allows testing code execution on the client, such as a web browser

N/A

It could have tested some front-end components but its now legacy hence wouldn't work with the many new front-end components
Server-side
Allows testing the bahovior of a server-side code

N/A

Yes

Fixtures
Allows defining a fixed, specific states of data (fixtures) that are test-local. This ensures specific environment for a single test

N/A

Yes

Fixture methods are available through its ClassMethods Module
Group fixtures
Allows defining a fixed, specific states of data for a group of tests (group-fixtures). This ensures specific environment for a given group of tests.

N/A

Yes

Group fixture methods are supported
Generators
Supports data generators for tests. Data generators generate input data for test. The test is then run for each input data produced in this way.

N/A

No

Licence
Licence type governing the use and redistribution of the software

MIT License

LGPLv2.1, Ruby Licence

Mocks
Mocks are objects that simulate the behavior of real objects. Using mocks allows testing some part of the code in isolation (with other parts mocked when needed)

N/A

No

Grouping
Allows organizing tests in groups

Yes

No

Other
Other useful information about the testing framework

Shoulda Context is compatible with Minitest and Test::Unit. Shoulda Matchers is compatible with RSpec and Minitest.