go test/testing vs Ginkgo comparison of testing frameworks
What are the differences between go test/testing and Ginkgo?

go test/testing

https://golang.org/pkg/testing/

Ginkgo

http://onsi.github.io/ginkgo/
Programming language

Go

Go

Category

Unit Testing

Unit Testing, Intergration Testing

General info

go test is an inbuilt tool/command for conducting automated tests in Golang while testing is the inbuilt testing library

Testing is the package that is shipped with go and combines with the go test command to provide a minimal but complete testing experience

BDD testing framework for Go

Ginkgo is a BDD testing framework for Go that has a great matcher library to go with it called Gomega and intergrates with the standard testing library
xUnit
Set of frameworks originating from SUnit (Smalltalk's testing framework). They share similar structure and functionality.

No

However there are Plugins such as https://github.com/tebeka/go2xunitto convert the output of Go testing library into xUnit format

No

Client-side
Allows testing code execution on the client, such as a web browser

Yes

Yes it can be used effectively for front-end testing

Yes

Yes, by creating unit tests then testing individual front-end components
Server-side
Allows testing the bahovior of a server-side code

Yes

Yes, it is used by developers for end-to-end testing so the back-end can be tested easily as well

Yes

Yes by creating unit tests then testing various back-end components
Fixtures
Allows defining a fixed, specific states of data (fixtures) that are test-local. This ensures specific environment for a single test

Yes

Yes it's straightforward in that first when you run 'go test' for packages in the scope the test will be executed with its working directory set to the source directory of the package being tested. Second the 'go test' tool will ignore any directory in your $GOPATH that starts with the word 'testdata' , starts with a period or an underscore

N/A

Group fixtures
Allows defining a fixed, specific states of data for a group of tests (group-fixtures). This ensures specific environment for a given group of tests.

Yes

Group fixtures can be done following a similar procedure as a single fixture

N/A

Generators
Supports data generators for tests. Data generators generate input data for test. The test is then run for each input data produced in this way.

Yes

They are available by importing a package called 'gotests' (https://github.com/cweill/gotests)

Yes

They are available by running the command: 'ginko bootstrap'
Licence
Licence type governing the use and redistribution of the software

MIT License

MIT License

Mocks
Mocks are objects that simulate the behavior of real objects. Using mocks allows testing some part of the code in isolation (with other parts mocked when needed)

Yes

By use of a third party library GoMock which intergrates well with the testing library

Yes

Dvelopers can generate mocks by using the third party package 'gomock'
Grouping
Allows organizing tests in groups

Yes

The short answer is yes, by use of table tests which are a great way of performing multiple I/O tests on a function or behaviour with minimal code

Yes

Ginkgo allows you to group tests in 'Describe' and 'Context' container blocks. It also provides 'It' and 'Specify' blocks to hold your assertions
Other
Other useful information about the testing framework