unittest2 vs Robot Framework comparison of testing frameworks
What are the differences between unittest2 and Robot Framework?

unittest2

https://pypi.org/project/unittest2/

Robot Framework

https://robotframework.org/
Programming language

Python

Python

Category

Unit Testing

Acceptance Testing

General info

Unittest2 is a newer version on the inbuilt unit testing framework unittest

To use o use unittest2 instead of unittest, simply replace 'import unittest' with 'import unittest2'. It has many new features such as: - addCleanups for better resource management; -many new assert methods; - assertRaises as context manager, with access to the exception afterwards; - test discovery and new command line options (including failfast and better handling of ctrl-C during test runs); - class and module level fixtures: setUpClass, tearDownClass, setUpModule, tearDownModule; -test skipping and expected failures and many more improvements on the API and bug fixes

Robot is a Python framework used for acceptance/functional testing

Robot is an automated test framework which has a simple plain text syntax and can be extended easily with Python or Java libraries. It can run on the .net-based IronPython and on Jython which is Java based.
xUnit
Set of frameworks originating from SUnit (Smalltalk's testing framework). They share similar structure and functionality.

Yes

unittest2 is a newer version of unittest which is an xUnit style framework for Python.

No

Client-side
Allows testing code execution on the client, such as a web browser

Yes

Front-end functionality and behaviour can be tested by unittest2. function by function

Yes

Robot has a rich library and can also be easily integrated with Selenium for browser automation to test front-end components
Server-side
Allows testing the bahovior of a server-side code

Yes

We can write tests with unittest2 to test each function for server-side behaviour

Yes

Robot can be used for back-end tests as well
Fixtures
Allows defining a fixed, specific states of data (fixtures) that are test-local. This ensures specific environment for a single test

Yes

By use of the 'setUp()' function which is called to prepare the test fixture

There is no inbuilt way to work with fixtures in Robot however it can integrate with unittest and use fixtures that way
Group fixtures
Allows defining a fixed, specific states of data for a group of tests (group-fixtures). This ensures specific environment for a given group of tests.

Yes

unittest2 allows you to group your initialization code buy use of the 'setUp()' function and clean up code with a 'tearDown()' function

By integrating with unittest
Generators
Supports data generators for tests. Data generators generate input data for test. The test is then run for each input data produced in this way.

Yes

unittest2 contains generator methods in the module 'unittest.TestCase'

Yes

Robot has a library called the Robot Framework Faker library. It contains 147 keywords used for generating random test data
Licence
Licence type governing the use and redistribution of the software

MIT License

Apache License 2.0

Mocks
Mocks are objects that simulate the behavior of real objects. Using mocks allows testing some part of the code in isolation (with other parts mocked when needed)

Yes

Mocks are available from the library unittest.mock which allows you to replace parts of your system under test with mock objects

Yes

Robot can access Python's mock library for mocking
Grouping
Allows organizing tests in groups

Yes

One can build suites either manually or use test discovery to build the suite automatically by scanning a directory

Yes

One can create a test suite with Robot
Other
Other useful information about the testing framework