Cucumber vs JBehave comparison of testing frameworks
What are the differences between Cucumber and JBehave?

Cucumber

https://github.com/cucumber/cucumber-ruby

JBehave

https://jbehave.org/
Programming language

Ruby

Java

Category

Acceptance Testing

Acceptance Testing

General info

An automation tool for Behavior-Driven Development

The specifications are written in plain texts, which allows them to be easily understandable for all stakeholders. Cucumber Framework also supports languages beyond Ruby e.g. Java, JavaScript and Scala.

JBehave is a Behaviour-Driven Development testing framework for java

JBehave is a Behaviour Driven Development framework. It intends to provide an intuitive and accessible way for automated acceptance testing
xUnit
Set of frameworks originating from SUnit (Smalltalk's testing framework). They share similar structure and functionality.

No

No

Client-side
Allows testing code execution on the client, such as a web browser

Yes

You can test the front-end part like the GUI using cucumber and selenium, they integrate well to test your front-end.

Yes

You can test front-end behaviour (scenarios) with JBehave
Server-side
Allows testing the bahovior of a server-side code

Yes

You can test back-end components such as APIs using rest & soap clients, and databases using whatever client libraries were provided by the libraries that existed in those stacks

JBehave tests scenarios and behaviours of components, it can test back-end behaviour
Fixtures
Allows defining a fixed, specific states of data (fixtures) that are test-local. This ensures specific environment for a single test

Yes

You have a few options for using fixtures in JBehave: you can run your steps before/after each scenario by using LifeCycle: you can use @BeforeStory and @AfterStory annotations or you can define a dummy scenario with your setup/teardown steps
Group fixtures
Allows defining a fixed, specific states of data for a group of tests (group-fixtures). This ensures specific environment for a given group of tests.

Yes

Using the cucumber extension aruba you can create fixures in two steps: 1.Create a fixtures-directory; 2.Create fixture files in this directory

Yes

You can define group fixtures with JBehave
Generators
Supports data generators for tests. Data generators generate input data for test. The test is then run for each input data produced in this way.

Yes

You can group your fixtures inside your fixtures directories

No

Licence
Licence type governing the use and redistribution of the software

MIT License

BSD-style license

Mocks
Mocks are objects that simulate the behavior of real objects. Using mocks allows testing some part of the code in isolation (with other parts mocked when needed)

Yes

By using all of RSpec’s supported mocking frameworks (RSpec, Mocha, RR, Flexmock)

The best way to mock is to use third party libraries like Mockito, Jmock or Jmockit
Grouping
Allows organizing tests in groups

No

N/A

Other
Other useful information about the testing framework