Cucumber vs QUnit comparison of testing frameworks
What are the differences between Cucumber and QUnit?

Cucumber

https://github.com/cucumber/cucumber-ruby

QUnit

https://qunitjs.com/
Programming language

Ruby

JavaScript

Category

Acceptance Testing

Unit Testing

General info

An automation tool for Behavior-Driven Development

The specifications are written in plain texts, which allows them to be easily understandable for all stakeholders. Cucumber Framework also supports languages beyond Ruby e.g. Java, JavaScript and Scala.

QUnit is a JS Unit testing framework.

QUnit is especially useful for regression testing of jQuery, jQuery UI and jQuery Mobile projects
xUnit
Set of frameworks originating from SUnit (Smalltalk's testing framework). They share similar structure and functionality.

No

Yes

Yes, it is a xUnit style framework
Client-side
Allows testing code execution on the client, such as a web browser

Yes

You can test the front-end part like the GUI using cucumber and selenium, they integrate well to test your front-end.

Yes

QUnit is commonly used by jQuery, jQuery UI and jQuery Mobile It can test front-end components and functionality
Server-side
Allows testing the bahovior of a server-side code

Yes

You can test back-end components such as APIs using rest & soap clients, and databases using whatever client libraries were provided by the libraries that existed in those stacks

Yes

Qunit can test any JavaScript code(including itself), this includes server-side components and functionality. Supports NodeJs
Fixtures
Allows defining a fixed, specific states of data (fixtures) that are test-local. This ensures specific environment for a single test

Yes

By using the qunit-fixture element which is a container for some HTML that your tests can assert against.
Group fixtures
Allows defining a fixed, specific states of data for a group of tests (group-fixtures). This ensures specific environment for a given group of tests.

Yes

Using the cucumber extension aruba you can create fixures in two steps: 1.Create a fixtures-directory; 2.Create fixture files in this directory

Yes

You can group fixtures together with QUnit
Generators
Supports data generators for tests. Data generators generate input data for test. The test is then run for each input data produced in this way.

Yes

You can group your fixtures inside your fixtures directories

Licence
Licence type governing the use and redistribution of the software

MIT License

MIT License

Mocks
Mocks are objects that simulate the behavior of real objects. Using mocks allows testing some part of the code in isolation (with other parts mocked when needed)

Yes

By using all of RSpec’s supported mocking frameworks (RSpec, Mocha, RR, Flexmock)

You can use third party libraries like jQuery's Mockjax plugin
Grouping
Allows organizing tests in groups

No

Yes

You can use the QUnit.module() function to group tests together
Other
Other useful information about the testing framework