Doctest vs PHPSpec comparison of testing frameworks
What are the differences between Doctest and PHPSpec?

Doctest

https://docs.Python.org/2/library/doctest.html

PHPSpec

https://www.phpspec.net/en/stable/
Programming language

Python

PHP

Category

Unit Testing

Unit Testing

General info

Doctest is an inbuilt test framework for Python

Doctest is a test framework that comes prepackaged with Python. It is a simple library with a functionality that makes it possible to search for pieces of text that look like interactive Python sessions and executes these sessions to see if they work exactly as shown.

PhpSpec is a testing tool based on the concept of emergent design using specification

PhpSpec is a tool to use at the spec level or SpecBDD, a type of BDD; It's process generates code for you and guides you through the SpecBDD process through the command line
xUnit
Set of frameworks originating from SUnit (Smalltalk's testing framework). They share similar structure and functionality.

No

No

Client-side
Allows testing code execution on the client, such as a web browser

Yes

By testing your PHP classes that run your front-end
Server-side
Allows testing the bahovior of a server-side code

Yes

You can use PHPSpec to test your PHP classes that run your back-end
Fixtures
Allows defining a fixed, specific states of data (fixtures) that are test-local. This ensures specific environment for a single test

No

Lacks fixture management which can make writing tests harder

Yes

You can define fixtures
Group fixtures
Allows defining a fixed, specific states of data for a group of tests (group-fixtures). This ensures specific environment for a given group of tests.

No

Lacks fixture management

Yes

You can define group fixtures
Generators
Supports data generators for tests. Data generators generate input data for test. The test is then run for each input data produced in this way.

N/A

Yes

There are methods that act as generators
Licence
Licence type governing the use and redistribution of the software

MIT License

Free

Mocks
Mocks are objects that simulate the behavior of real objects. Using mocks allows testing some part of the code in isolation (with other parts mocked when needed)

A good external library for using Mocks with Doctest is minimocks

Yes

It has built in support for Mocks
Grouping
Allows organizing tests in groups

Yes

One can group tests

In PHPspec, you can group specification files by a certain namespace in a suite
Other
Other useful information about the testing framework