Doctest vs Robot Framework comparison of testing frameworks
What are the differences between Doctest and Robot Framework?

Doctest

https://docs.Python.org/2/library/doctest.html

Robot Framework

https://robotframework.org/
Programming language

Python

Python

Category

Unit Testing

Acceptance Testing

General info

Doctest is an inbuilt test framework for Python

Doctest is a test framework that comes prepackaged with Python. It is a simple library with a functionality that makes it possible to search for pieces of text that look like interactive Python sessions and executes these sessions to see if they work exactly as shown.

Robot is a Python framework used for acceptance/functional testing

Robot is an automated test framework which has a simple plain text syntax and can be extended easily with Python or Java libraries. It can run on the .net-based IronPython and on Jython which is Java based.
xUnit
Set of frameworks originating from SUnit (Smalltalk's testing framework). They share similar structure and functionality.

No

No

Client-side
Allows testing code execution on the client, such as a web browser

Yes

Robot has a rich library and can also be easily integrated with Selenium for browser automation to test front-end components
Server-side
Allows testing the bahovior of a server-side code

Yes

Robot can be used for back-end tests as well
Fixtures
Allows defining a fixed, specific states of data (fixtures) that are test-local. This ensures specific environment for a single test

No

Lacks fixture management which can make writing tests harder

There is no inbuilt way to work with fixtures in Robot however it can integrate with unittest and use fixtures that way
Group fixtures
Allows defining a fixed, specific states of data for a group of tests (group-fixtures). This ensures specific environment for a given group of tests.

No

Lacks fixture management

By integrating with unittest
Generators
Supports data generators for tests. Data generators generate input data for test. The test is then run for each input data produced in this way.

N/A

Yes

Robot has a library called the Robot Framework Faker library. It contains 147 keywords used for generating random test data
Licence
Licence type governing the use and redistribution of the software

MIT License

Apache License 2.0

Mocks
Mocks are objects that simulate the behavior of real objects. Using mocks allows testing some part of the code in isolation (with other parts mocked when needed)

A good external library for using Mocks with Doctest is minimocks

Yes

Robot can access Python's mock library for mocking
Grouping
Allows organizing tests in groups

Yes

One can group tests

Yes

One can create a test suite with Robot
Other
Other useful information about the testing framework