Doctest vs xUnit.net comparison of testing frameworks
What are the differences between Doctest and xUnit.net?

Doctest

https://docs.Python.org/2/library/doctest.html

xUnit.net

https://xunit.net/
Programming language

Python

.NET

Category

Unit Testing

Unit Testing

General info

Doctest is an inbuilt test framework for Python

Doctest is a test framework that comes prepackaged with Python. It is a simple library with a functionality that makes it possible to search for pieces of text that look like interactive Python sessions and executes these sessions to see if they work exactly as shown.

xUnit.net is aUnit testing framework for C# and .NET

xUnit.net is a free, open source, community-focused unit testing tool for the .NET Framework. It is used to test C#, F#, VB.NET and other .NET languages. xUnit.net and works with ReSharper, CodeRush, TestDriven.NET and Xamarin. It is part of the .NET Foundation,
xUnit
Set of frameworks originating from SUnit (Smalltalk's testing framework). They share similar structure and functionality.

No

Yes

xUnit.net is part of the xUnit family of frameworks
Client-side
Allows testing code execution on the client, such as a web browser

Yes

You can test various front-end components independently since it is a Unit testing framework
Server-side
Allows testing the bahovior of a server-side code

Yes

You can test various back-end components independently since it is a Unit testing framework
Fixtures
Allows defining a fixed, specific states of data (fixtures) that are test-local. This ensures specific environment for a single test

No

Lacks fixture management which can make writing tests harder

Yes

It contains class fixtures which are setup once pertest class
Group fixtures
Allows defining a fixed, specific states of data for a group of tests (group-fixtures). This ensures specific environment for a given group of tests.

No

Lacks fixture management

Yes

xUnit.net contains collection fixtures which allow you to share context among many tests
Generators
Supports data generators for tests. Data generators generate input data for test. The test is then run for each input data produced in this way.

N/A

Licence
Licence type governing the use and redistribution of the software

MIT License

Mocks
Mocks are objects that simulate the behavior of real objects. Using mocks allows testing some part of the code in isolation (with other parts mocked when needed)

A good external library for using Mocks with Doctest is minimocks

Grouping
Allows organizing tests in groups

Yes

One can group tests

Other
Other useful information about the testing framework