Laravel Dusk vs Robot Framework comparison of testing frameworks
What are the differences between Laravel Dusk and Robot Framework?

Laravel Dusk

https://laravel.com/docs/5.8/dusk

Robot Framework

https://robotframework.org/
Programming language

PHP

Python

Category

Browser Automation

Acceptance Testing

General info

Laravel Dusk is an easy-to-use browser automation and testing API.

One can use Dusk to programmatically test applications, visit any website using a real Chrome browser, automate repetitive tasks, scrape information from other sites or test to make sure your app always works in the browser.

Robot is a Python framework used for acceptance/functional testing

Robot is an automated test framework which has a simple plain text syntax and can be extended easily with Python or Java libraries. It can run on the .net-based IronPython and on Jython which is Java based.
xUnit
Set of frameworks originating from SUnit (Smalltalk's testing framework). They share similar structure and functionality.

N/A

No

Client-side
Allows testing code execution on the client, such as a web browser

Yes

It is a browser automation tool which tests front-end components and functionality

Yes

Robot has a rich library and can also be easily integrated with Selenium for browser automation to test front-end components
Server-side
Allows testing the bahovior of a server-side code

Yes

Laravel provides a variety of tools to make it easier to test your database driven applications

Yes

Robot can be used for back-end tests as well
Fixtures
Allows defining a fixed, specific states of data (fixtures) that are test-local. This ensures specific environment for a single test

N/A

There is no inbuilt way to work with fixtures in Robot however it can integrate with unittest and use fixtures that way
Group fixtures
Allows defining a fixed, specific states of data for a group of tests (group-fixtures). This ensures specific environment for a given group of tests.

N/A

By integrating with unittest
Generators
Supports data generators for tests. Data generators generate input data for test. The test is then run for each input data produced in this way.

N/A

Yes

Robot has a library called the Robot Framework Faker library. It contains 147 keywords used for generating random test data
Licence
Licence type governing the use and redistribution of the software

MIT License

Apache License 2.0

Mocks
Mocks are objects that simulate the behavior of real objects. Using mocks allows testing some part of the code in isolation (with other parts mocked when needed)

Yes

Laravel provides helpers for mocking events, jobs, and facades out of the box or use Mockery or PHPUnit to create your own mocks or spies

Yes

Robot can access Python's mock library for mocking
Grouping
Allows organizing tests in groups

Yes

Using the 'dusk' which command accepts any argument that is normally accepted by the PHPUnit test runner, allowing you to run the tests for a given group.

Yes

One can create a test suite with Robot
Other
Other useful information about the testing framework