Intern vs go test/testing comparison of testing frameworks
What are the differences between Intern and go test/testing?

Intern

https://github.com/theintern/intern

go test/testing

https://golang.org/pkg/testing/
Programming language

JavaScript

Go

Category

Unit Testing, Functional Testing

Unit Testing

General info

Intern is minimal test system for JavaScript designed to write and run consistent.

Intern is a complete test system for JavaScript designed to help you write and run consistent, high-quality test cases for your JavaScript libraries and applications. Using Intern we can write tests in JavaScript and TypeScript using any style like TDD, and BDD. Intern can run unit tests in most browsers that support ECMAScript

go test is an inbuilt tool/command for conducting automated tests in Golang while testing is the inbuilt testing library

Testing is the package that is shipped with go and combines with the go test command to provide a minimal but complete testing experience
xUnit
Set of frameworks originating from SUnit (Smalltalk's testing framework). They share similar structure and functionality.

No

No

However there are Plugins such as https://github.com/tebeka/go2xunitto convert the output of Go testing library into xUnit format
Client-side
Allows testing code execution on the client, such as a web browser

Yes

Intern is a complete test system for JavaScript It Runs in the browser and can test any front-end component and functionality

Yes

Yes it can be used effectively for front-end testing
Server-side
Allows testing the bahovior of a server-side code

Yes

Since it is a complete testing system that can test any type of JavaScript code, it can test server-side behaviour and components as well

Yes

Yes, it is used by developers for end-to-end testing so the back-end can be tested easily as well
Fixtures
Allows defining a fixed, specific states of data (fixtures) that are test-local. This ensures specific environment for a single test

N/A

Yes

Yes it's straightforward in that first when you run 'go test' for packages in the scope the test will be executed with its working directory set to the source directory of the package being tested. Second the 'go test' tool will ignore any directory in your $GOPATH that starts with the word 'testdata' , starts with a period or an underscore
Group fixtures
Allows defining a fixed, specific states of data for a group of tests (group-fixtures). This ensures specific environment for a given group of tests.

N/A

Yes

Group fixtures can be done following a similar procedure as a single fixture
Generators
Supports data generators for tests. Data generators generate input data for test. The test is then run for each input data produced in this way.

Yes

They are available by importing a package called 'gotests' (https://github.com/cweill/gotests)
Licence
Licence type governing the use and redistribution of the software

FreeBSD License

MIT License

Mocks
Mocks are objects that simulate the behavior of real objects. Using mocks allows testing some part of the code in isolation (with other parts mocked when needed)

Intern uses the Dojo Toolkit’s AMD loader. To mock, you should be able to just use the standard AMD 'map' feature, else you can use third party libraries like sinon.js

Yes

By use of a third party library GoMock which intergrates well with the testing library
Grouping
Allows organizing tests in groups

Yes

You can group tests into Suites which may be specified as file paths or using glob expressions, there is typically one top-level suite per module.

Yes

The short answer is yes, by use of table tests which are a great way of performing multiple I/O tests on a function or behaviour with minimal code
Other
Other useful information about the testing framework