JBehave vs Cucumber comparison of testing frameworks
What are the differences between JBehave and Cucumber?

JBehave

https://jbehave.org/

Cucumber

https://github.com/cucumber/cucumber-ruby
Programming language

Java

Ruby

Category

Acceptance Testing

Acceptance Testing

General info

JBehave is a Behaviour-Driven Development testing framework for java

JBehave is a Behaviour Driven Development framework. It intends to provide an intuitive and accessible way for automated acceptance testing

An automation tool for Behavior-Driven Development

The specifications are written in plain texts, which allows them to be easily understandable for all stakeholders. Cucumber Framework also supports languages beyond Ruby e.g. Java, JavaScript and Scala.
xUnit
Set of frameworks originating from SUnit (Smalltalk's testing framework). They share similar structure and functionality.

No

No

Client-side
Allows testing code execution on the client, such as a web browser

Yes

You can test front-end behaviour (scenarios) with JBehave

Yes

You can test the front-end part like the GUI using cucumber and selenium, they integrate well to test your front-end.
Server-side
Allows testing the bahovior of a server-side code

JBehave tests scenarios and behaviours of components, it can test back-end behaviour

Yes

You can test back-end components such as APIs using rest & soap clients, and databases using whatever client libraries were provided by the libraries that existed in those stacks
Fixtures
Allows defining a fixed, specific states of data (fixtures) that are test-local. This ensures specific environment for a single test

Yes

You have a few options for using fixtures in JBehave: you can run your steps before/after each scenario by using LifeCycle: you can use @BeforeStory and @AfterStory annotations or you can define a dummy scenario with your setup/teardown steps

Group fixtures
Allows defining a fixed, specific states of data for a group of tests (group-fixtures). This ensures specific environment for a given group of tests.

Yes

You can define group fixtures with JBehave

Yes

Using the cucumber extension aruba you can create fixures in two steps: 1.Create a fixtures-directory; 2.Create fixture files in this directory
Generators
Supports data generators for tests. Data generators generate input data for test. The test is then run for each input data produced in this way.

No

Yes

You can group your fixtures inside your fixtures directories
Licence
Licence type governing the use and redistribution of the software

BSD-style license

MIT License

Mocks
Mocks are objects that simulate the behavior of real objects. Using mocks allows testing some part of the code in isolation (with other parts mocked when needed)

The best way to mock is to use third party libraries like Mockito, Jmock or Jmockit

Yes

By using all of RSpec’s supported mocking frameworks (RSpec, Mocha, RR, Flexmock)
Grouping
Allows organizing tests in groups

N/A

Yes

Cucumber allows the use of tag Cucumber feature files or individual tests to group tests. Then, you can pass a Cucumber tagged expression at test execution that specifies the tag (grouped) tests to run. https://www.toolsqa.com/cucumber/cucumber-tags/
Other
Other useful information about the testing framework