JBehave vs RSpec comparison of testing frameworks
What are the differences between JBehave and RSpec?

JBehave

https://jbehave.org/

RSpec

https://rspec.info
Programming language

Java

Ruby

Category

Acceptance Testing

Unit Testing, Intergration Testing

General info

JBehave is a Behaviour-Driven Development testing framework for java

JBehave is a Behaviour Driven Development framework. It intends to provide an intuitive and accessible way for automated acceptance testing

Domain Specific Language (DSL) testing solution for Ruby code

It focuses on empowering Test Driven Development (TDD). RSpec contains multiple smaller libraries, which may be independently used with other testing frameworks.
xUnit
Set of frameworks originating from SUnit (Smalltalk's testing framework). They share similar structure and functionality.

No

Yes

Yes, but it differs from more traiditional xUnit solutions. Its tests are written in a "Tests as Specification" manner. This means that the terminology used in RSpec is adjusted to a language more fitting for specification.
Client-side
Allows testing code execution on the client, such as a web browser

Yes

You can test front-end behaviour (scenarios) with JBehave

Yes

RSpec is used to primarily test the behaviour of applications or individual components so it can test front-end behaviour as well - you can use capybara gem with RSpec for that.
Server-side
Allows testing the bahovior of a server-side code

JBehave tests scenarios and behaviours of components, it can test back-end behaviour

Yes

You can test server-side behaviour with Rspec
Fixtures
Allows defining a fixed, specific states of data (fixtures) that are test-local. This ensures specific environment for a single test

Yes

You have a few options for using fixtures in JBehave: you can run your steps before/after each scenario by using LifeCycle: you can use @BeforeStory and @AfterStory annotations or you can define a dummy scenario with your setup/teardown steps

Yes

RSpec does contain fixture methods
Group fixtures
Allows defining a fixed, specific states of data for a group of tests (group-fixtures). This ensures specific environment for a given group of tests.

Yes

You can define group fixtures with JBehave

Yes

Group fixture methods are supported
Generators
Supports data generators for tests. Data generators generate input data for test. The test is then run for each input data produced in this way.

No

Yes

RSpec contains generators for example intergration_'test_name' which will save a spec inside the spec/requests folder
Licence
Licence type governing the use and redistribution of the software

BSD-style license

MIT License

Mocks
Mocks are objects that simulate the behavior of real objects. Using mocks allows testing some part of the code in isolation (with other parts mocked when needed)

The best way to mock is to use third party libraries like Mockito, Jmock or Jmockit

Yes

Available through rspec-mocks gem.
Grouping
Allows organizing tests in groups

N/A

Yes

Allows declaring example groups and contexts.
Other
Other useful information about the testing framework