Jest vs ExUnit comparison of testing frameworks
What are the differences between Jest and ExUnit?

Jest

https://jestjs.io

ExUnit

https://hexdocs.pm/ex_unit/ExUnit.html
Programming language

JavaScript

Elixir

Category

Unit Testing

Unit Testing

General info

A Unit Testing framework focused on simplicity

This is a Unit test framwork especially designed for the React.JS, Babel, TypeScript, Node, React, Angular and Vue projects. It usually worked with Enzyme(Integration testing)

Unit testing framework for Elixir.

Elixir comes bundled with ExUnit allowing developers to use all elixir features without compromising unit tests. It uses a TDD workflow, and shows one message per test
xUnit
Set of frameworks originating from SUnit (Smalltalk's testing framework). They share similar structure and functionality.

No

Yes

xUnit has the ExUnit framework as an instance
Client-side
Allows testing code execution on the client, such as a web browser

Yes

You can easily test methods, properties, UI element actions and other front-end functionalities

Yes

Front-end code can be tested using ExUnit, Phoenix front-end framework for Elixir uses ExUnit as the default testing framework
Server-side
Allows testing the bahovior of a server-side code

Yes

Back-end server behaviour also can be tested with Jest much in the same way as the front-end tests.

Yes

ExUnit tests backend code. Typically Unit tests will be written not to interact with the browser, but with ExUnit you can test whichever part of your application
Fixtures
Allows defining a fixed, specific states of data (fixtures) that are test-local. This ensures specific environment for a single test

Yes

Fixtures are supported, Jest has many helper functions such as: BeforeEach and afterEach If you have some work you need to do repeatedly for many tests, beforeAll and afterAll if you only need to do setup once, at the beginning of a file.

Yes

ExUnit has a library called ExUnitFixtures fixtures are functions that are run before a test is run to setup the test environment or provide the test with data
Group fixtures
Allows defining a fixed, specific states of data for a group of tests (group-fixtures). This ensures specific environment for a given group of tests.

Yes

Jest supports group fixtures

Yes

Group fixures are possible with this library
Generators
Supports data generators for tests. Data generators generate input data for test. The test is then run for each input data produced in this way.

N/A

Yes

Generators are found in the StreamData module
Licence
Licence type governing the use and redistribution of the software

MIT License

Apache License 2.0

Mocks
Mocks are objects that simulate the behavior of real objects. Using mocks allows testing some part of the code in isolation (with other parts mocked when needed)

Jest uses a custom resolver for imports in your tests making it simple to mock any object outside of your test’s scope. You can use mocked imports with the rich Mock Functions API to spy on function calls with readable test syntax.

Yes

Mocks are available for use with ExUnit through the Mock module. Also available through the use of third party libraries like mecktest
Grouping
Allows organizing tests in groups

Yes

You can declare as many test suites as you want. Grouping of tests together is done using a describe block

Yes

Using the 'describe' function which goups tests together. Every describe block recieves a name which is used as a prefix for upcoming tests
Other
Other useful information about the testing framework