Minitest vs MSTest comparison of testing frameworks
What are the differences between Minitest and MSTest?

Minitest

https://github.com/seattlerb/minitest

MSTest

https://github.com/microsoft/testfx-docs
Programming language

Ruby

.NET

Category

Unit Testing

Unit Testing

General info

Complete suite of testing facilities

Minitest is small, fast, and it aims to make tests clean and readable. It supports test-driven development (TDD), behavior-driven development (BDD), mocking, and benchmarking.

MSTest is a Unit testing framework for the .net framework

MSTest is fully integrated with Visual Studios and works natively without the need for any plugins. MSTest is better suited for only using Microsoft technologies rather than mixed technology environments.
xUnit
Set of frameworks originating from SUnit (Smalltalk's testing framework). They share similar structure and functionality.

Yes

MiniTest is an xUnit style framework in that is has assertion functions in the style of xUnit/TDD

Yes

MsTest is an xUnit type framework
Client-side
Allows testing code execution on the client, such as a web browser

No

Yes

MsTest can test various front-end components
Server-side
Allows testing the bahovior of a server-side code

Yes

You can test various back-end components

Yes

With MSTest you can test various back-end components individually
Fixtures
Allows defining a fixed, specific states of data (fixtures) that are test-local. This ensures specific environment for a single test

Yes

Minitest supports test fixture functions

Yes

MSTest contains fixture methods TestInitialize to setup your environment and TestCleanup to destroy the test environment
Group fixtures
Allows defining a fixed, specific states of data for a group of tests (group-fixtures). This ensures specific environment for a given group of tests.

Yes

Minitest has group fixtures

Yes

Group fixtures are available
Generators
Supports data generators for tests. Data generators generate input data for test. The test is then run for each input data produced in this way.

N/A

Licence
Licence type governing the use and redistribution of the software

MIT License

Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 International Public License

Mocks
Mocks are objects that simulate the behavior of real objects. Using mocks allows testing some part of the code in isolation (with other parts mocked when needed)

Yes

Mocking is available through the Minitest::Mock class which is a simple and clean mock object framework

Yes

You can create mock objects using the third party library moq
Grouping
Allows organizing tests in groups

Yes

Allows grouping by nested Ruby classes. RSpec-like "context" method is available for spec syntax through the minitest-spec-context extension gem

Yes

Grouping of tests into suites is possible with MSTest
Other
Other useful information about the testing framework