pytest vs unittest2 comparison of testing frameworks
What are the differences between pytest and unittest2?

pytest

https://docs.pytest.org/en/latest/

unittest2

https://pypi.org/project/unittest2/
Programming language

Python

Python

Category

Unit Testing

Unit Testing

General info

Pytest is the TDD 'all in one' testing framework for Python

Pytest is a powerful Python testing framework that can test all and levels of software. It is considered by many to be the best testing framework in Python with many projects on the internet having switched to it from other frameworks, including Mozilla and Dropbox. This is due to its many powerful features such as ‘assert‘ rewriting, a third-party plugin model and a powerful yet simple fixture model.

Unittest2 is a newer version on the inbuilt unit testing framework unittest

To use o use unittest2 instead of unittest, simply replace 'import unittest' with 'import unittest2'. It has many new features such as: - addCleanups for better resource management; -many new assert methods; - assertRaises as context manager, with access to the exception afterwards; - test discovery and new command line options (including failfast and better handling of ctrl-C during test runs); - class and module level fixtures: setUpClass, tearDownClass, setUpModule, tearDownModule; -test skipping and expected failures and many more improvements on the API and bug fixes
xUnit
Set of frameworks originating from SUnit (Smalltalk's testing framework). They share similar structure and functionality.

No

Yes

unittest2 is a newer version of unittest which is an xUnit style framework for Python.
Client-side
Allows testing code execution on the client, such as a web browser

Yes

pytest can test any part of the stack including front-end components

Yes

Front-end functionality and behaviour can be tested by unittest2. function by function
Server-side
Allows testing the bahovior of a server-side code

Yes

pytest is powerful enough to test database and server components and functionality

Yes

We can write tests with unittest2 to test each function for server-side behaviour
Fixtures
Allows defining a fixed, specific states of data (fixtures) that are test-local. This ensures specific environment for a single test

Yes

Pytest has a powerful yet simple fixture model that is unmatched in any other testing framework.

Yes

By use of the 'setUp()' function which is called to prepare the test fixture
Group fixtures
Allows defining a fixed, specific states of data for a group of tests (group-fixtures). This ensures specific environment for a given group of tests.

Yes

Pytest's powerful fixture model allows grouping of fixtures

Yes

unittest2 allows you to group your initialization code buy use of the 'setUp()' function and clean up code with a 'tearDown()' function
Generators
Supports data generators for tests. Data generators generate input data for test. The test is then run for each input data produced in this way.

Yes

pytest has a hook function called pytest_generate_tests hook which is called when collecting a test function and one can use it to generate data

Yes

unittest2 contains generator methods in the module 'unittest.TestCase'
Licence
Licence type governing the use and redistribution of the software

MIT License

MIT License

Mocks
Mocks are objects that simulate the behavior of real objects. Using mocks allows testing some part of the code in isolation (with other parts mocked when needed)

Yes

By either using unittest.mock or using pytest-mock a thin wrapper that provides mock functionality for pytest

Yes

Mocks are available from the library unittest.mock which allows you to replace parts of your system under test with mock objects
Grouping
Allows organizing tests in groups

Yes

Tests can be grouped with pytest by use of markers which are applied to various tests and one can run tests with the marker applied

Yes

One can build suites either manually or use test discovery to build the suite automatically by scanning a directory
Other
Other useful information about the testing framework