Robot Framework vs Cedar comparison of testing frameworks
What are the differences between Robot Framework and Cedar?

Robot Framework

https://robotframework.org/

Cedar

https://github.com/cedarbdd/cedar
Programming language

Python

Swift

Category

Acceptance Testing

Unit Testing

General info

Robot is a Python framework used for acceptance/functional testing

Robot is an automated test framework which has a simple plain text syntax and can be extended easily with Python or Java libraries. It can run on the .net-based IronPython and on Jython which is Java based.

Cedar is a BDD-style testing for swift using Objective-C

Cedar is a BDD-style Objective-C/Swift testing framework that has an expressive matcher DSL and convenient test doubles (mocks). It provides better organizational facilities than the tools provided by XCTest/OCUnit In environments where C++ is available, it provides powerful built-in matchers, test doubles and fakes
xUnit
Set of frameworks originating from SUnit (Smalltalk's testing framework). They share similar structure and functionality.

No

Yes

Cedar is an xUnit style framework
Client-side
Allows testing code execution on the client, such as a web browser

Yes

Robot has a rich library and can also be easily integrated with Selenium for browser automation to test front-end components

Yes

You can test front-end components and behaviour with Cedar, its language is biased towards describing the behavior of your objects.
Server-side
Allows testing the bahovior of a server-side code

Yes

Robot can be used for back-end tests as well

Yes

You can test back-end components with a bias towards their expected behaviour. Cedar specs also allow you to nest contexts so that it is easier to understand how your object behaves in different scenarios
Fixtures
Allows defining a fixed, specific states of data (fixtures) that are test-local. This ensures specific environment for a single test

There is no inbuilt way to work with fixtures in Robot however it can integrate with unittest and use fixtures that way

Yes

Cedar has beforeEach and afterEach class methods which Cedar will look for on every class it loads. You can add these onto any class you compile into your specs and Cedar will run them
Group fixtures
Allows defining a fixed, specific states of data for a group of tests (group-fixtures). This ensures specific environment for a given group of tests.

By integrating with unittest

N/A

Generators
Supports data generators for tests. Data generators generate input data for test. The test is then run for each input data produced in this way.

Yes

Robot has a library called the Robot Framework Faker library. It contains 147 keywords used for generating random test data

N/A

Licence
Licence type governing the use and redistribution of the software

Apache License 2.0

MIT License

Mocks
Mocks are objects that simulate the behavior of real objects. Using mocks allows testing some part of the code in isolation (with other parts mocked when needed)

Yes

Robot can access Python's mock library for mocking

Yes

Cedar contains inbuilt mock/test double functionality
Grouping
Allows organizing tests in groups

Yes

One can create a test suite with Robot

Yes

Cedar supports shared example groups. You can declare them in one of two ways: either inline with your spec declarations, or separately.
Other
Other useful information about the testing framework