Robot Framework vs PHPSpec comparison of testing frameworks
What are the differences between Robot Framework and PHPSpec?

Robot Framework

https://robotframework.org/

PHPSpec

https://www.phpspec.net/en/stable/
Programming language

Python

PHP

Category

Acceptance Testing

Unit Testing

General info

Robot is a Python framework used for acceptance/functional testing

Robot is an automated test framework which has a simple plain text syntax and can be extended easily with Python or Java libraries. It can run on the .net-based IronPython and on Jython which is Java based.

PhpSpec is a testing tool based on the concept of emergent design using specification

PhpSpec is a tool to use at the spec level or SpecBDD, a type of BDD; It's process generates code for you and guides you through the SpecBDD process through the command line
xUnit
Set of frameworks originating from SUnit (Smalltalk's testing framework). They share similar structure and functionality.

No

No

Client-side
Allows testing code execution on the client, such as a web browser

Yes

Robot has a rich library and can also be easily integrated with Selenium for browser automation to test front-end components

Yes

By testing your PHP classes that run your front-end
Server-side
Allows testing the bahovior of a server-side code

Yes

Robot can be used for back-end tests as well

Yes

You can use PHPSpec to test your PHP classes that run your back-end
Fixtures
Allows defining a fixed, specific states of data (fixtures) that are test-local. This ensures specific environment for a single test

There is no inbuilt way to work with fixtures in Robot however it can integrate with unittest and use fixtures that way

Yes

You can define fixtures
Group fixtures
Allows defining a fixed, specific states of data for a group of tests (group-fixtures). This ensures specific environment for a given group of tests.

By integrating with unittest

Yes

You can define group fixtures
Generators
Supports data generators for tests. Data generators generate input data for test. The test is then run for each input data produced in this way.

Yes

Robot has a library called the Robot Framework Faker library. It contains 147 keywords used for generating random test data

Yes

There are methods that act as generators
Licence
Licence type governing the use and redistribution of the software

Apache License 2.0

Free

Mocks
Mocks are objects that simulate the behavior of real objects. Using mocks allows testing some part of the code in isolation (with other parts mocked when needed)

Yes

Robot can access Python's mock library for mocking

Yes

It has built in support for Mocks
Grouping
Allows organizing tests in groups

Yes

One can create a test suite with Robot

In PHPspec, you can group specification files by a certain namespace in a suite
Other
Other useful information about the testing framework