Robot Framework vs comparison of testing frameworks
What are the differences between Robot Framework and

Robot Framework
Programming language




Acceptance Testing

Unit Testing

General info

Robot is a Python framework used for acceptance/functional testing

Robot is an automated test framework which has a simple plain text syntax and can be extended easily with Python or Java libraries. It can run on the .net-based IronPython and on Jython which is Java based. is aUnit testing framework for C# and .NET is a free, open source, community-focused unit testing tool for the .NET Framework. It is used to test C#, F#, VB.NET and other .NET languages. and works with ReSharper, CodeRush, TestDriven.NET and Xamarin. It is part of the .NET Foundation,
Set of frameworks originating from SUnit (Smalltalk's testing framework). They share similar structure and functionality.


Yes is part of the xUnit family of frameworks
Allows testing code execution on the client, such as a web browser


Robot has a rich library and can also be easily integrated with Selenium for browser automation to test front-end components


You can test various front-end components independently since it is a Unit testing framework
Allows testing the bahovior of a server-side code


Robot can be used for back-end tests as well


You can test various back-end components independently since it is a Unit testing framework
Allows defining a fixed, specific states of data (fixtures) that are test-local. This ensures specific environment for a single test

There is no inbuilt way to work with fixtures in Robot however it can integrate with unittest and use fixtures that way


It contains class fixtures which are setup once pertest class
Group fixtures
Allows defining a fixed, specific states of data for a group of tests (group-fixtures). This ensures specific environment for a given group of tests.

By integrating with unittest

Yes contains collection fixtures which allow you to share context among many tests
Supports data generators for tests. Data generators generate input data for test. The test is then run for each input data produced in this way.


Robot has a library called the Robot Framework Faker library. It contains 147 keywords used for generating random test data

Licence type governing the use and redistribution of the software

Apache License 2.0

Mocks are objects that simulate the behavior of real objects. Using mocks allows testing some part of the code in isolation (with other parts mocked when needed)


Robot can access Python's mock library for mocking

Allows organizing tests in groups


One can create a test suite with Robot

Other useful information about the testing framework