RSpec vs Cedar comparison of testing frameworks
What are the differences between RSpec and Cedar?

RSpec

https://rspec.info

Cedar

https://github.com/cedarbdd/cedar
Programming language

Ruby

Swift

Category

Unit Testing, Intergration Testing

Unit Testing

General info

Domain Specific Language (DSL) testing solution for Ruby code

It focuses on empowering Test Driven Development (TDD). RSpec contains multiple smaller libraries, which may be independently used with other testing frameworks.

Cedar is a BDD-style testing for swift using Objective-C

Cedar is a BDD-style Objective-C/Swift testing framework that has an expressive matcher DSL and convenient test doubles (mocks). It provides better organizational facilities than the tools provided by XCTest/OCUnit In environments where C++ is available, it provides powerful built-in matchers, test doubles and fakes
xUnit
Set of frameworks originating from SUnit (Smalltalk's testing framework). They share similar structure and functionality.

Yes

Yes, but it differs from more traiditional xUnit solutions. Its tests are written in a "Tests as Specification" manner. This means that the terminology used in RSpec is adjusted to a language more fitting for specification.

Yes

Cedar is an xUnit style framework
Client-side
Allows testing code execution on the client, such as a web browser

Yes

RSpec is used to primarily test the behaviour of applications or individual components so it can test front-end behaviour as well - you can use capybara gem with RSpec for that.

Yes

You can test front-end components and behaviour with Cedar, its language is biased towards describing the behavior of your objects.
Server-side
Allows testing the bahovior of a server-side code

Yes

You can test server-side behaviour with Rspec

Yes

You can test back-end components with a bias towards their expected behaviour. Cedar specs also allow you to nest contexts so that it is easier to understand how your object behaves in different scenarios
Fixtures
Allows defining a fixed, specific states of data (fixtures) that are test-local. This ensures specific environment for a single test

Yes

RSpec does contain fixture methods

Yes

Cedar has beforeEach and afterEach class methods which Cedar will look for on every class it loads. You can add these onto any class you compile into your specs and Cedar will run them
Group fixtures
Allows defining a fixed, specific states of data for a group of tests (group-fixtures). This ensures specific environment for a given group of tests.

Yes

Group fixture methods are supported

N/A

Generators
Supports data generators for tests. Data generators generate input data for test. The test is then run for each input data produced in this way.

Yes

RSpec contains generators for example intergration_'test_name' which will save a spec inside the spec/requests folder

N/A

Licence
Licence type governing the use and redistribution of the software

MIT License

MIT License

Mocks
Mocks are objects that simulate the behavior of real objects. Using mocks allows testing some part of the code in isolation (with other parts mocked when needed)

Yes

Available through rspec-mocks gem.

Yes

Cedar contains inbuilt mock/test double functionality
Grouping
Allows organizing tests in groups

Yes

Allows declaring example groups and contexts.

Yes

Cedar supports shared example groups. You can declare them in one of two ways: either inline with your spec declarations, or separately.
Other
Other useful information about the testing framework