RSpec vs Lettuce comparison of testing frameworks
What are the differences between RSpec and Lettuce?

RSpec

https://rspec.info

Lettuce

https://pypi.org/project/lettuce/
Programming language

Ruby

Python

Category

Unit Testing, Intergration Testing

Unit Testing, Acceptance Testing

General info

Domain Specific Language (DSL) testing solution for Ruby code

It focuses on empowering Test Driven Development (TDD). RSpec contains multiple smaller libraries, which may be independently used with other testing frameworks.

Lettuce is a BDD testing tool for Python

Lettuce is a testing tool for Python which is inspired by Ruby's Cucumber that supports Gherkin. It can execute plain-text functional descriptions as automated tests for Python projects just like Cucumber does for Ruby
xUnit
Set of frameworks originating from SUnit (Smalltalk's testing framework). They share similar structure and functionality.

Yes

Yes, but it differs from more traiditional xUnit solutions. Its tests are written in a "Tests as Specification" manner. This means that the terminology used in RSpec is adjusted to a language more fitting for specification.

No

However It can generate xml results for behaviour tests xUnit style
Client-side
Allows testing code execution on the client, such as a web browser

Yes

RSpec is used to primarily test the behaviour of applications or individual components so it can test front-end behaviour as well - you can use capybara gem with RSpec for that.

Yes

By integrating Lettuce with Selenium’s Python bindings, you have a robust framework for testing Django applications. It can test front-end behaviour
Server-side
Allows testing the bahovior of a server-side code

Yes

You can test server-side behaviour with Rspec

Yes

Lettuce can test various server and database behaviours and interactions
Fixtures
Allows defining a fixed, specific states of data (fixtures) that are test-local. This ensures specific environment for a single test

Yes

RSpec does contain fixture methods

N/A

Group fixtures
Allows defining a fixed, specific states of data for a group of tests (group-fixtures). This ensures specific environment for a given group of tests.

Yes

Group fixture methods are supported

N/A

Generators
Supports data generators for tests. Data generators generate input data for test. The test is then run for each input data produced in this way.

Yes

RSpec contains generators for example intergration_'test_name' which will save a spec inside the spec/requests folder

Yes

By using a third party library
Licence
Licence type governing the use and redistribution of the software

MIT License

Unknown

Mocks
Mocks are objects that simulate the behavior of real objects. Using mocks allows testing some part of the code in isolation (with other parts mocked when needed)

Yes

Available through rspec-mocks gem.

By adding the lettuce-tools library one has access to the Mock module to implement a configurable http REST mock.
Grouping
Allows organizing tests in groups

Yes

Allows declaring example groups and contexts.

Yes

It allows grouping of tests
Other
Other useful information about the testing framework