Test::Unit vs Codedeception comparison of testing frameworks
What are the differences between Test::Unit and Codedeception?

Test::Unit

https://test-unit.github.io/

Codedeception

https://codeception.com/
Programming language

Ruby

PHP

Category

Unit Testing, Intergration Testing

Unit Testing, Acceptance Testing/Functional Testing

General info

Test::Unit is a unit testing framework for Ruby

Test::Unit is an implementation of the xUnit testing framework for ruby which is used for Unit Testing. However Test::Unit has been left in the standard library to support legacy test suites therefore if you are writing new test code use Minitest instead of Test::Unit

Codeception is a full-stack testing framework for PHP

It is inspired by BDD and provides a way of writing acceptance, functional and even unit tests. It is powered by PHPUnit.
xUnit
Set of frameworks originating from SUnit (Smalltalk's testing framework). They share similar structure and functionality.

Yes

test-unit is a xUnit family unit testing framework for Ruby

No

Client-side
Allows testing code execution on the client, such as a web browser

It could have tested some front-end components but its now legacy hence wouldn't work with the many new front-end components

Yes

One is able to write acceptance tests which are used to look at functionality from a user's perspective. It is able to look at pages in browser (Chrome, Firefox or PhpBrowser)
Server-side
Allows testing the bahovior of a server-side code

Yes

Yes

It supports back-end tests, by writing functionaltests one can be able to test server behaviour
Fixtures
Allows defining a fixed, specific states of data (fixtures) that are test-local. This ensures specific environment for a single test

Yes

Fixture methods are available through its ClassMethods Module

Yes

One can define a fixture and write the test with Codedeception, use the yii2-codedeceptionextention which will autoload fixtures for you
Group fixtures
Allows defining a fixed, specific states of data for a group of tests (group-fixtures). This ensures specific environment for a given group of tests.

Yes

Group fixture methods are supported

Yes

One can define group fixtures
Generators
Supports data generators for tests. Data generators generate input data for test. The test is then run for each input data produced in this way.

No

N/A

Licence
Licence type governing the use and redistribution of the software

LGPLv2.1, Ruby Licence

MIT License

Mocks
Mocks are objects that simulate the behavior of real objects. Using mocks allows testing some part of the code in isolation (with other parts mocked when needed)

No

Yes

Codeception provides Codeception\Stub library for building mocks and stubs for tests
Grouping
Allows organizing tests in groups

No

Yes

Codeception consists of three so-called “suites”: A “unit suite” for all unit tests, a “functional suite” for all functional tests, and an “acceptance suite” for all acceptance tests.
Other
Other useful information about the testing framework