Testify vs Behat comparison of testing frameworks
What are the differences between Testify and Behat?

Testify

https://github.com/Yelp/Testify

Behat

https://docs.behat.org/en/latest/
Programming language

Python

PHP

Category

Unit Testing

Functional/Acceptance Testing

General info

A Python unit testing framework modelled after unittest

Testify is modelled after unittest but has more features while still supporting unittest classes. It has more pythonic naming conventions, an better test runner output visually, a decorator-based approach to fixture methods among many other features

Behat is an open source Behavior-Driven Development framework for PHP.

Behat uses the StoryBDD subtype of behaviour-driven development (the other subtype is SpecBDD); This means the tests we write with Behat look rather like stories than code. It is inspired by Ruby's Cucumber
xUnit
Set of frameworks originating from SUnit (Smalltalk's testing framework). They share similar structure and functionality.

No

No

Client-side
Allows testing code execution on the client, such as a web browser

Yes

Front-end functionality and behaviour can be tested by Testify.

Yes

To enable Behat to test a website, you need to add Mink and a browser emulator (selenium maybe, though slow) to the mix. Mink methods are the connector between Behat and an extensive list of available drivers, and they provide a consistent testing API.
Server-side
Allows testing the bahovior of a server-side code

Yes

Testify can test various server and database behaviours and functionality

Yes

Behat can be used for Data Integrity Testing to verify that database operations are functioning properly
Fixtures
Allows defining a fixed, specific states of data (fixtures) that are test-local. This ensures specific environment for a single test

Yes

Fixture methods are supported and it follows a decorator based approach, that is they are written similar to decorators

Yes

One can use the 'Doctrinefixturesbundle' to create the required fixture loaders and load them in our Behat scenarios when required, using the 'BeforeScenario' hook.
Group fixtures
Allows defining a fixed, specific states of data for a group of tests (group-fixtures). This ensures specific environment for a given group of tests.

Yes

Group fixtures are supported

Yes

Behat allows for group fixtures
Generators
Supports data generators for tests. Data generators generate input data for test. The test is then run for each input data produced in this way.

Yes

One can create generator methods to yield runnable test methods which will pick out the test methods from your TestCases, and then exclude any in any of your exclude_suites method.If there are any require_suites, it will then further limit itself to test methods in those suites.

By use of third party libraries like moodle-behat-generators
Licence
Licence type governing the use and redistribution of the software

Apache License 2.0

MIT License

Mocks
Mocks are objects that simulate the behavior of real objects. Using mocks allows testing some part of the code in isolation (with other parts mocked when needed)

Yes

It includes the turtle mock object library

By using third party libraries like Mock and Prophecy
Grouping
Allows organizing tests in groups

Yes

Testify includes support for detecting and running test suites, grouped by modules, classes, or individual test methods.

Yes

You can use tags to group features and scenarios together, independent of your file and directory structure
Other
Other useful information about the testing framework