XCTest vs Laravel Dusk comparison of testing frameworks
What are the differences between XCTest and Laravel Dusk?

XCTest

https://developer.apple.com/documentation/xctest

Laravel Dusk

https://laravel.com/docs/5.8/dusk
Programming language

Swift

PHP

Category

Unit Testing, Performance Testing

Browser Automation

General info

XCTest is the default testing framework for unit tests, performance tests, and some level of UI tests for iOS apps.

XCTest framework is a testing framework that enables developers write basic unit tests, performance tests, and some level of UI tests for iOS apps.

Laravel Dusk is an easy-to-use browser automation and testing API.

One can use Dusk to programmatically test applications, visit any website using a real Chrome browser, automate repetitive tasks, scrape information from other sites or test to make sure your app always works in the browser.
xUnit
Set of frameworks originating from SUnit (Smalltalk's testing framework). They share similar structure and functionality.

Yes

Yes, it is an xUnit style framework

N/A

Client-side
Allows testing code execution on the client, such as a web browser

Yes

Developers can test individual front-end components with XCTest

Yes

It is a browser automation tool which tests front-end components and functionality
Server-side
Allows testing the bahovior of a server-side code

Yes

Yes, developers can test individual back-end components with XCTest

Yes

Laravel provides a variety of tools to make it easier to test your database driven applications
Fixtures
Allows defining a fixed, specific states of data (fixtures) that are test-local. This ensures specific environment for a single test

Yes

XCTest contains setup() and teardown() fixture methods for setting up and destroying test environments

N/A

Group fixtures
Allows defining a fixed, specific states of data for a group of tests (group-fixtures). This ensures specific environment for a given group of tests.

Yes

Group fixtures are available in XCTest

N/A

Generators
Supports data generators for tests. Data generators generate input data for test. The test is then run for each input data produced in this way.

N/A

N/A

Licence
Licence type governing the use and redistribution of the software

Apache License 2.0

MIT License

Mocks
Mocks are objects that simulate the behavior of real objects. Using mocks allows testing some part of the code in isolation (with other parts mocked when needed)

Yes

You can create protocol mocks and class mocks with libraries such as MockFive or Cuckoo

Yes

Laravel provides helpers for mocking events, jobs, and facades out of the box or use Mockery or PHPUnit to create your own mocks or spies
Grouping
Allows organizing tests in groups

Yes

Developers can define test suites from the XCTestSuite class

Yes

Using the 'dusk' which command accepts any argument that is normally accepted by the PHPUnit test runner, allowing you to run the tests for a given group.
Other
Other useful information about the testing framework