XCTest vs Google Puppeteer comparison of testing frameworks
What are the differences between XCTest and Google Puppeteer?

XCTest

https://developer.apple.com/documentation/xctest

Google Puppeteer

https://developers.google.com/web/tools/puppeteer
Programming language

Swift

JavaScript

Category

Unit Testing, Performance Testing

Browser Automation

General info

XCTest is the default testing framework for unit tests, performance tests, and some level of UI tests for iOS apps.

XCTest framework is a testing framework that enables developers write basic unit tests, performance tests, and some level of UI tests for iOS apps.

Puppeteer is a Node library which provides browser automation for chrome and chromium

Puppeteer runs headless by default, but can be configured to run full (non-headless) Chrome or Chromium; It provides a high-level API to control Chromium or Chrome over the DevTools Protocol
xUnit
Set of frameworks originating from SUnit (Smalltalk's testing framework). They share similar structure and functionality.

Yes

Yes, it is an xUnit style framework

No

Client-side
Allows testing code execution on the client, such as a web browser

Yes

Developers can test individual front-end components with XCTest

Yes

Most things you can do manually in the browser can be done using puppeteer, therefore you can create a testing environment for your tests to run directly. You can test front-end functionality such as UI testing with puppeteer
Server-side
Allows testing the bahovior of a server-side code

Yes

Yes, developers can test individual back-end components with XCTest

No

Fixtures
Allows defining a fixed, specific states of data (fixtures) that are test-local. This ensures specific environment for a single test

Yes

XCTest contains setup() and teardown() fixture methods for setting up and destroying test environments

N/A

Group fixtures
Allows defining a fixed, specific states of data for a group of tests (group-fixtures). This ensures specific environment for a given group of tests.

Yes

Group fixtures are available in XCTest

N/A

Generators
Supports data generators for tests. Data generators generate input data for test. The test is then run for each input data produced in this way.

N/A

No

Licence
Licence type governing the use and redistribution of the software

Apache License 2.0

Apache License 2.0

Mocks
Mocks are objects that simulate the behavior of real objects. Using mocks allows testing some part of the code in isolation (with other parts mocked when needed)

Yes

You can create protocol mocks and class mocks with libraries such as MockFive or Cuckoo

No

Grouping
Allows organizing tests in groups

Yes

Developers can define test suites from the XCTestSuite class

No

Other
Other useful information about the testing framework